Transformational Gardening

Disclaimer: Foraging can be fun, rewarding and provide health benefits. As a novice forager, I will be sharing my foraging experiences. However, in order to be safe, always consult with local foraging experts and guidebooks before beginning foraging. Children should learn to forage safely by being guided by experienced adults. Never ingest anything unless you are certain of the identification and safety of the plant. Some plant species are inedible and some are poisonous.

Canadian Dwarf Cinquefoil (Dwarf Cinquefoil) (Potentilla canadensis): Images

Date Location Notes Images
May 12, 2011 Southeastern, New Hampshire After looking for Canadian Dwarf Cinquefoil all of last year, I found a big patch 50 yards from my front door! Now I can finish differentiating between five of the most common types of cinquefoil in my area on the Cinquefoils Identification page.

Differences between Canadian Dwarf Cinquefoil (Potentilla canadensis) and Common Cinquefoil (Potentilla simplex):
  • Flower stem arises from the axil of the 2nd leaf for Common Cinquefoil and from the leaf axil of the first leaf for Canadian Dwarf Cinquefoil. (Audubon Society field Guide)
  • Margin teeth do not go below the top 1/2 of the leaflet for Canadian Dwarf Cinquefoil and are toothed for approximately 3/4 of their length for Common Cinquefoil. (Newcomb’s, Clemants & Gracie)
  • Leaflets for Common Cinquefoil are elliptical to somewhat wedge-shaped (obovate) while the leaflets for Canadian Dwarf Cinquefoil are very obovate, sharting out very thin at the bottom and relatively very wide at the tip. (Peterson)
  • Hairs on flower stem (peduncle) and leaf stem (petiole) are dense and spreading for Canadian Dwarf Cinquefoil and are appressed for Common Cinquefoil. (Weeds of the Northeast, Clemants & Gracie) Apparently, Common Cinquefoil can vary anywhere from nearly hairless to appressed hairs.
  • Leaflets for Canadian Dwarf Cinquefoil grow up to 1-1/2 inches (4 cm) long and for Common Cinquefoil the leaflets grow up to 2-1/2 inches (6.5 cm) long. (Audubon Society field guide)
  • The stipules (appendages at the base of the leaf) of the basal leaves are oblong-lanceolate and flat for Canadian Dwarf Cinquefoil and are linear-lanceolate and rolled for Common Cinquefoil. (Weeds of the Northeast)
  • The rhizomes (underground stems) for Common Cinquefoil grow up to 3 inches (8 cm) long while the rhizomes for Canadian Dwarf Cinquefoil only grow up to 3/4 inches (2 cm) long. (Weeds of the Northeast)
  • Canadian Dwarf Cinquefoil bloom from April until June while Common Cinquefoil blooms from May until July. NH Wildflowers Color Thumbnails: Yellow
Date Location Notes Images
April 6, 2012 Southeastern, New Hampshire Notice the dense hairs on the stem of Canadian Dwarf Cinquefoil in the bottom picture.
Date Location Notes Images
May 15, 2014 Southeastern, Connecticut